Al Madinah Al Munawarah
Our Beloved Messenger said: “O Allah! Make us love Madinah as much as we love Makkah or even more.”
A holy city of many names, Medina loved Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) and He returned that love. Bounded by hills and mountains, it gave refuge and support to the Prophet and his followers in their greatest time of need, thus becoming the second holiest city of Islam after Mecca. To show his undying love for the city, the Prophet (PBUH) chose to build his mosque on its fertile soil.
The Prophet (PBUH) said: “No journey should be undertaken to any mosque except three: al-Masjid al-Haram, this mosque of mine and al-Masjid al-Aqsa.”
He went on to spend many years of his remarkable life working, living and praying in this beloved city. Home to the three oldest mosques in Islam, the Dar al-Hijra became the fortress of Islam and cresset of guidance
The Prophet’s Mosque
The Prophet (PBUH) said: “One salat offered in my mosque is superior to one thousand salats offered in other mosques except Masjid al-Haram (Makkah Al-Mukarramah).”
Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is the grand mosque in Madinah al-Munawarah, at the heart of which lies the much-cherished Rawdha. The Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) himself established the mosque in 622 when, moved by the inherent spirituality of Medina, he settled in the area after his Hijra.
With time, various caliphs, sultans and kings had it enlarged, expanded or renovated without ever erasing the treasured marks left by Prophet Mohamed, such as the niche (Mihrab) where he prayed and the wooden block that served as his pulpit (Minbar). The emblematic stone dome over the Prophet’s tomb was built in 1476, and received its first of many coats of green paint in 1837. Alongside the Prophet, caliphs Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) and Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) are also laid to rest under the Green Dome.
Today Al-Masjid an-Nabawi can accommodate up to 1.6 million people and is one of the largest mosques in the world. Pilgrims come to Medina throughout the year to pray and worship in the very same chambers as the Prophet (PBUH) himself in this holy sanctuary that never sleeps.
This cemetery, one of the biggest and most blessed graveyards in the world, is just a few minutes away from the hotel. Its name means “tree garden”, as it used to be covered in boxthorn trees; it is also known as Jannat-ul Baqi. The cemetery is a place of great historic significance for it is the final resting place of many of the Prophet Mohamed (PBUH)’s immediate family members. All his wives, except for Khadija and Maymunah (May Allah be pleased with them), are buried here, along with his daughter Fatima (May Allah be pleased with her), his son Ibrahim (May Allah be pleased with him), his uncle Al-Abbas and his grandson Al-Hasan ibn Ali (May Allah be pleased with them). His dearest companions, Uthman ibn Affan, As’ad ibn Zurara and Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (may Allah be pleased with them), are also laid to rest here.
Outside the city centre and a 15-minute drive from Pullman Zamzam Madina is Quba Mosque, the first mosque made by Prophet Mohamed (PBUH). The Prophet Mohamed (PBUH), accompanied by Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), laid the foundation and helped build Masjid Quba on Taqwa, pious and cognizant of Allah, in 622. It is narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to go to the mosque of Quba every Saturday and offer two ra’kat prayers. He said, “Whoever goes out until he comes to this mosque and prays there, that will be equivalent to Umrah.”
Outside the building are four towering minarets – one in each corner – and 56 domes. Intricate Arabesque latticework adorns the structure. A large market and the site where the holy well of Arees/Khatim once flowed can be visited around the mosque.
The Prophet (PBUH) once said, “Uhud loves us and we love Uhud.” This majestic Mountain of Heaven, just north of Medina, is the site of the second battle of Islam. The complete blessed mountain can be seen from Pullman Zamzam Madina. Victory was almost at hand, but archers disobeyed an order and left their station. Thus a battle was lost and the Prophet (PBUH) was wounded. On the historic hillside is a cemetery where pilgrims can greet those who were martyred and supplicate to Allah for them, including the Prophet (PBUH)’s uncle, Hamza ibn ‘Abdul-Muttalib (RA). Visitors can also climb to the top of Jabal Roma for inspiring views of the surrounding area.
Amr Bin Al Gmoh Street Madina, 41499 Madinah
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia